Black Diamonds

Black diamonds really do exist. They are also known as carbonado, the Portuguese word for “charcoal.” Carbonados are considered diamonds because they are almost pure carbon, like their clear or slightly tinted counterparts. Black diamonds also contain tiny inclusions of other minerals, often iron and iron oxide minerals such as magnetite and hematite which can

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Crystal Optical Phenomena (aka Phenomenons)

OPTICAL PHENOMENA (PHENOMENONS) IN CRYSTALS… Crystal Optical Phenomena is an effect produced when a light source interacts with the structural features of or the inclusions within the crystal. It involves the transmitting or reflecting of light that it is subjected to. Generally, these phenomenons ARE NOT a result of the crystal’s chemical make-up. Optical effects

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