Crystals and gems occur naturally in many forms, shapes and sizes. Every crystal has its own specific properties and applications. Below is a list of many forms and shapes of crystals and minerals along with some terminology applicable to our mineral friends.
ABUNDANCE: a long quartz crystal that is growing up from a base of small clustered crystals
AMORPHOUS: crystals that have no defined crystal structure
BALL (AKA SPHERE): crystal that is formed and shaped into a ball from a larger piece of crystal… quartz crystal rarely occurs naturally as a sphere
BARNACLE: a larger crystal that is completely or partially covered by smaller crystals
BRIDGE: a small crystal that attaches itself and grows out from a larger crystal (at an angle) looks like an incomplete cross
CATHEDRAL: a large main crystal with many intricate and elaborate pieces and points, a minimum of one point being at the very top
CHANNELING: a crystal that has a 7 sided facet on the front of the termination and a triangular face on the opposite side.
CHATOYANCE: an illusionary moving pattern of parallel lines caused by turning the stone
CLUSTER: a group of crystals growing together having many points and sharing the same base clusters rapidly radiate energy in all directions
CRYPTOCRYSTALLINE: a crystalline structure made up of minute pieces of crystals that often cannot be seen under a microscope. a cryptocrystalline structure has crystals smaller than a microcrystalline structure
EGG: a crystal that is shaped like an egg (oval)
ENHYDRO: enhydro crystals (often agates) contain bubbles of liquid trapped inside the stone which can be millions of years old.
ETCHED: a crystal that has abrasions (scrapes, scratches) on the outside of one or more of its sides which resemble a type of hieroglyphics
GENERATOR: a crystal that has 6 sides that meet equally at a sharp point
GEODE: the inside of a larger form of rock that has been opened up and resembles a cave….the inside area is hollow and full of many crystalline structures pointing inward and toward the center… usually containing quartz, amethyst, citrine or calcite geodes gather and hold energy, slowly releasing it
HOMOGENEOUS: a stone that has uniformity. Homogeneous can refer to a stone being uniform in color, structure, composition, texture or appearance. The air we breathe is considered homogeneous, having a constant composition of approx.78% - 79% nitrogen, 20% - 21% oxygen and a remaining composition of hydrogen, argon, neon, carbon dioxide, water vapor and minute amounts of other gases.
INCLUSIONS: any particle or material that got trapped inside the crystal during its growing process. it is widely believed that these inclusions are older than the “host rock” itself
MANIFESTATION: one or more small crystals enclosed inside a larger crystal. not common
MICROCRYSTALLINE: a crystalline structure made up of small pieces of crystals that can only be seen under a microscope
OBELISK: tall 4 sided crystal with a pyramid shape at the top, looks like the Washington monument
OCCLUSION: a mineral deposit inside a quartz crystal
PHANTOM: a phantom or pyramid shaped reflection inside a crystal
PIEZOELECTRIC: is a vibration that occurs within a crystal when the crystal is subjected to heat, pressure (squeezing) or various electrical applications
PLEOCHROISM: Pleochroism (or dichroism) is the display of different colors of a mineral caused by viewing the mineral at various angles and varying the amount of light shed on it.
POINT: something that many crystals have… a point can be very visible or hard to see. this design is used extensively in healing. points vary in shape depending on how quickly they form.
POLYMORPH: When a crystal is a “polymorph” of another crystal, it means that they have the same chemical composition, yet a different structure, symmetry and /or shape.
PYRAMID: a crystal, generally with a flat bottom base and 4 sides, each side coming to a point at the top
RECORD KEEPER: a crystal that has raised etched pyramid or triangle shapes on one or more of its sides
RUTILATED: the inclusion of rutile (a titanium oxide mineral) inside the crystal that resembles long thin threads
SILICIFIED WOOD: wood that has been replaced by any form of quartz
SOUL MATE: a pair of similar sized crystals growing out from the same crystal base
SPIRAL QUARTZ: distinctive twists (indentations) going around the crystal from top to bottom
TABULAR: (aka TABBY): a flat crystal (possibly double terminated) that has 2 wide sides with “notches” appearing on one or both of the sides
TERMINATION (TERMINATED): a crystal with a point on the top resembling a wand
DOUBLE TERMINATED: points on both ends of a crystal