Crystals and Gemstones ROCK!

Shapes, Terminology

Enhydro Agate

 Shapes and Terminology

Crystals and gems occur naturally in many forms, shapes and sizes. Crystals are also human created into many shapes.for our mineralogical delight.

The various shapes often have their own specific healing uses and applications.



ABUNDANCE: a long quartz crystal that is growing up from a base of small clustered crystals

AMORPHOUS: crystals that have no defined crystal structure

BALL (AKA SPHERE): crystal that is shaped into a ball from a larger piece of crystal… Quartz crystal rarely occurs naturally as a sphere






BARNACLE: a larger crystal that is completely or partially covered by smaller crystals

BRIDGE: a small crystal that attaches itself and grows out from a larger crystal (at an angle) looks like an incomplete cross

CATHEDRAL: a large main crystal with many intricate and elaborate pieces and points, a minimum of one point being at the very top

CHANNELING: a crystal that has a 7 sided facet on the front of the termination and a triangular face on the opposite side

CHATOYANCE: an illusionary moving pattern of parallel lines caused by turning the stone

CLUSTER: a group of crystals growing together having many points and sharing the same base clusters rapidly radiate energy in all directions







CRYPTO-CRYSTALLINE: crystals that have a crystalline structure (very tiny pieces of crystals) that can only be seen under power magnification.

Crypto-crystalline crystals have crystal structures that are smaller than micro-crystalline crystals.

EGGS: crystals shaped like an egg (oval)








ENHYDRO: enhydro crystals (often agates) contain bubbles of liquid trapped inside the stone which can be millions of years old.

enhydro1          enhydro






ETCHED: a crystal that has abrasions (scrapes, scratches) on the outside of one or more of its sides which resemble a type of hieroglyphics

GENERATOR: a crystal that has 6 sides that meet equally at a sharp point

GEODE:  the inside of a larger form of rock that has been opened up and resembles a cave….the inside area is hollow and full of many crystalline structures pointing inward and toward th
e center… usually containing quartz, amethyst, citrine or calcite geodes gather and hold energy, slowly releasing it
HOMOGENEOUS:  a stone that has uniformity. Homogeneous can refer to a stone being uniform in color, structure, composition, texture or appearance.  The air we breathe is considered homogeneous, having a constant composition of  approx.78% – 79% nitrogen, 20% – 21% oxygen and a remaining composition of hydrogen, argon, neon, carbon dioxide, water vapor and minute amounts of other gases.

INCLUSIONS:  any particle or material that got trapped inside the crystal during its growing process.  it is widely believed that these inclusions are older than the “host rock” itself

MANIFESTATION CRYSTAL: one or more small crystals enclosed inside a larger crystal. not common

manifestation crystal

manifestation crystal2








MICRO-CRYSTALLINE:  crystals that have a crystalline structure that can only be seen under magnification

NEGATIVE QUARTZ CRYSTALS: quartz crystals that have ‘footprint” formations inside of them resembling smaller quartz. These formations are often gas bubbles or pieces of hematite.

Quite rare.  Most negative quartz come from Brasil or Madagascar.

negative quartz crystal







OBELISK: tall 4 sided crystal with a pyramid shape at the top, looks like the Washington monument







OCCLUSION: a mineral deposit inside a quartz crystal

PHANTOM: a phantom or pyramid shaped reflection inside a crystal

PIEZOELECTRIC: is a vibration that occurs within a crystal when the crystal is subjected to heat, pressure (squeezing) or various electrical applications

PLEOCHROISM: Pleochroism (or dichroism) is the display of different colors of a mineral caused by viewing the mineral at various angles and varying the amount of light shed on it.

POINT: something that many crystals have… a point can be very visible or hard to see. this design is used extensively in healing.   points vary in shape depending on how quickly they form.

POLYMORPH: two minerals that have the same chemical composition, yet different crystal structure,symmetry and /or shape

PYRAMID: a crystal that has a flat bottom base and 4 sides with each side coming to a point at the top






RECORD KEEPER: a crystal that has raised etched pyramid or triangle shapes on one or more of its sides

RUTILATED: the inclusion of rutile (a titanium oxide mineral) inside the crystal, usually golden or blackish strands that resembles long thin threads

SILICIFIED WOOD:  wood that has been replaced by any form of quartz

SOUL MATE: a pair of similar sized crystals growing out from the same crystal base

SPIRAL QUARTZ: distinctive twists (indentations) going around the crystal from top to bottom

TABULAR: (aka TABBY): a flat crystal (possibly double terminated) that has 2 wide sides with “notches” appearing on one or both of the sides

TERMINATION (TERMINATED): a crystal with a point on the top resembling a wand







DOUBLE TERMINATED: points on both ends of a crystal

double terminated




TIME LINK: (aka ACTIVATOR) a “window” close to the top point that is shaped like a 4 sided figure with equal sides (parallelogram)

LEFT TIME LINK: a small parallelogram shape that forms a window that inclines to the left

RIGHT TIME LINK: a small parallelogram shape that forms a window that inclines to the right

TOURMALINATED:  lines of long thread like black tourmaline inside the crystal

WANDS: crystal wands are used extensively by healers, metaphysicians and shamans… some wands are man made while others occur naturally




 WINDOW: (aka DIAMOND WINDOW) a large diamond shaped “window” located on the center front of the crystal.. it connects from the apex (highest point) down to the base of the crystal








crystal shapes                         shapes